The son of a struggling Dunfermline weaver, Carnegie emigrated to America during the depression of the 1840s. His energetic nature and a talent for being in the right industry at the right time made him a huge fortune in railroads and steel. Carnegie's attitude to labour was unsentimental; workers soon found their wages reduced and their unions undermined. At the age of 65 Carnegie sold his business and 'retired' to Skibo Castle in Scotland. His personal conviction, “The man who dies thus rich, dies disgraced” made him give away some £350 million, which among other things paid for 2811 free public libraries in the US and Britain. This painting is a copy after the original by Walter William Ouless, commissioned from his eldest daughter, Catherine, in 1925.