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John Maitland, 2nd Earl and 1st Duke of Lauderdale, 1616 - 1682. Statesman About 1665

Not on display

  • Scottish Art
One of Charles II's leading advisors, Lauderdale was Secretary of State for Scotland and virtually ruled the country on the king's behalf. His corrupt methods and imperious behaviour eventually led to his downfall and he retired to Tunbridge Wells. He was known as 'Red John' because of his colouring and a contemporary described how 'his tongue [was] too big for his mouth, which made him bedew all that he talked to'. Lely's portrait suggests something of the gross physicality of the man as well as his power and ruthlessness.


  • Acc. No. PG 2128
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 124.40 x 101.60 cm (framed: 148.50 x 124.50 x 10.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1967