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Anne Hyde, Duchess of York, 1637 - 1671. First wife of James VII and II About 1661

Not on display

Anne Hyde, daughter of Sir Edward Hyde, spent her childhood at the court of Princess Mary of Orange in Breda. In 1656 she accompanied Mary to her exiled brother Charles II's court in Paris, where she met the future James II. They fell in love and agreed to marry, but the couple encountered strong opposition from Charles and the queen mother, who loathed Anne's father. Eventually Charles relented and they were secretly married in 1660. Although by all accounts James adored his intelligent and sociable bride, he soon had a succession of mistresses which greatly distressed Anne. She nevertheless bore James eight children, two of whom – Mary and Anne – later became queens of Britain. Anne herself died of cancer many years before James's accession to the throne.


  • Acc. No. PG 1179
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 182.20 x 143.80 cm (framed: 204.00 x 177.50 x 4.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1932