This proud and cheerful portrait suggests the high hopes the exiled Stuarts had of their young prince. The grandson of the deposed king of Scotland and England, James VII and II, Charles was born in Rome. Handsome - 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' - and brave, he attempted to regain the throne for his father. In 1745, with his Jacobite army, he marched as far south as Derby but then was forced to retreat. The rising was totally defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 and Charles remained in exile the rest of his life.