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Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 1720 - 1788. Eldest son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart 1732


  • Scottish Art
This proud and cheerful portrait suggests the high hopes the exiled Stuarts had of their young prince. The grandson of the deposed king of Scotland and England, James VII and II, Charles was born in Rome. Handsome - 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' - and brave, he attempted to regain the throne for his father. In 1745, with his Jacobite army, he marched as far south as Derby but then was forced to retreat. The rising was totally defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 and Charles remained in exile the rest of his life.

Glossary Open

The Stuarts (The Stewarts)

The Stewarts / Stuarts were a Scottish royal dynasty that began with Robert II in the late fourteenth century. In 1603, with the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England, James VI became James I of England. The Stuart reign saw a brief interruption with the republican Commonwealth due to the English Civil War, which followed Charles I’s execution in 1649, but it was restored in 1660 with Charles II as king. After the 1707 Acts of Union, the Stuarts became the heads of state of the newly created Great Britain. However, with childless Queen Anne’s death in 1714 the crown passed to the House of Hanover. The variant in spelling, from Stewart to Stuart, was due to Mary, Queen of Scots adopting the latter, French spelling, when she lived in France. This became the standard for future generations.

The Stuarts (The Stewarts)


  • Acc. No. PG 887
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 73.40 x 60.30 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1918