The Duke of Roxburghe’s fame stems from his collection of books, which, when sold over forty-five days in 1812, reached more than £23,000. The Roxburghe Club of fine book collectors was formed at this time and named in his memory. Roxburghe shared an interest in books with King George III and was favoured with impressive titles such as a knighthood of the Thistle and the Order of the Garter. Like many aristocrats and gentry figures, Roxburghe travelled to Italy in 1760 to partake in the Grand Tour. In line with fashion, he was painted by the Italian painter Pompeo Batoni whilst in Rome in 1762 (despite the painting being dated 1761). Batoni’s ability to depict his sitter’s status through their dress is highlighted in Roxburghe’s lavish peer’s robes.