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Aufruf 1978-1983

On Display Modern Two

  • Artist Rooms
Beuys loved using simple and everyday materials in his work. He made many works in which newspapers were painted with Braunkreuz paint, obscuring most of the surface, but leaving small areas uncovered, often to make a particular point by highlighting words or images. Here, only the edge of a column of text remains visible. The ink stamp at the top of the work contains the image of a bull's head inside a diamond shape. The words around the image are smudged, but the word 'Kassel' can be seen at the bottom left. This German city is the location for the international modern art fair which is held every five years.

Glossary Open


A medium invented, and first used, by the German artist Joseph Beuys in the late 1950s. It literally translates as ‘brown cross’. Composed of a mixture of paint and blood, it evokes images of rust, dirt, excrement and blood. As a term it has associations with Christianity, Nazism, National Socialism, war and the occult. By varying the qualities of the component parts, Beuys could experiment with the colour, density and texture of this unusual material.



  • Acc. No. AR00686
  • Medium Oil paint and ink on printed paper
  • Size 47.90 x 19.90 cm
  • Credit ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Acquired jointly through The d'Offay Donation with assistance from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Art Fund 2008