View alphabetical lists of all artists currently featured on the site.
Select the initial of the artist's name that you are looking for. Scroll down the list until you find the name, and select it for more information about the artist and his or her work.
Artists are organised by their most commonly-used names. This is usually but not always their surname e.g. Leonardo da Vinci is under L, Van Gogh is under V and Raphael is under R.
Alexander Calder (American, 1898 - 1976)
Born in Pennsylvania, Calder was the son of a successful sculptor. After graduating in mechanical engineering in 1919, he studied painting at the Art Students League, New York, from 1923 to 1926. The students made a game of sketching people on the streets and the subway. Calder was able to convey movement with a single unbroken line: this led to his first wire sculptures of 1926. He began making abstract sculptures in 1930, some of which incorporated motors to make them move, while others moved of their own accord. Calder was the first sculptor to experiment with the implications of motion; he was a pioneer of kinetic art.