The son of a goldsmith, Michiel van Mierevelt was born in Delft. He trained with Anthonis van Blocklandt in Utrecht, returning to his home town in 1583. After painting some historical pictures, he turned exclusively to portraiture. He became official court painter to the Princes of Orange and became a member of the painter's guild of The Hague in 1625. He ran a busy studio, producing large numbers of portraits, and it is often difficult to distinguish his own work from that of assistants and copyists.