Robert Gibb was born in Dundee 1801. He was a Foundation Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1826, but was one of the nine artists who withdrew after the first meeting. In 1829, however, he was re-elected as an Academician, and became a regular exhibitor at both the Academy and its rival establishment, the Royal Institution. Gibb was a landscape painter, mainly working in oils and in watercolour, and was among the first Scottish landscape painters to work out of doors. He never received recognition to equal that of his peers, possibly because of the brevity of his life.