Raphael (Raffaello Santi)

Italian (Florentine) (1483 - 1520)
Raphael (Raffaello Santi) Christ Giving the Keys to Saint Peter Unknown


Born 1483
Died 1520
Nationality Italian (Florentine)
Birth place Urbino
Death place Rome

During Raphael's short career he produced works of extraordinary refinement that were to have a profound influence on the course of European painting. His artistic education began in Urbino, where his father was court painter; he then moved to Florence, and finally to Rome, summoned by Pope Julius II to decorate the papal apartments (Stanze). His frescoes in Rome are perhaps his most celebrated works, but Raphael also excelled at painting large altarpieces, small devotional paintings and portraits. He designed tapestries for the Sistine Chapel, worked on architectural projects, and ran a busy workshop in which a number of the most important artists of the next generation were educated.

Glossary terms

  • A period in European culture from the 14th to the 16th centuries in which the visual arts flourished with advances in the treatment of anatomy and the use of perspective. It is particularly associated with Italy, where it began, though the term applies elsewhere. It is noted for a revival of interest in the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome.