Marc Chagall was born Moishe Shagal near Vitebsk in Belarusse - then part of the Russian Empire. He moved to Paris in 1910 and became involved with the cubist and avant-garde groups in the pre-war years. Between 1914-23 he lived in Russia and Germany, before returning to Paris. He fled occupied France for the USA from 1941 to 1948. He then returned to France, settling in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, near Nice on the Mediterranean coast. Matisse and Picasso lived nearby. Chagall’s ceaseless creativity and commitment to exploring the emotional power of colour led to works in a huge variety of mediums and materials, from his acclaimed public commissions in stained glass to ceramics, book illustrations, printmaking and tapestries.