Marc Chagall

Russian / French (1887 - 1985)
Marc Chagall L’Écuyère [The Horse Rider] 1949 - 1953 © Estate of Marc Chagall. All Rights Reserved. DACS, London 2020

Biography

Born 1887
Died 1985
Nationalities Russian
French

Marc Chagall was born Moishe Shagal near Vitebsk in Belarusse - then part of the Russian Empire. He moved to Paris in 1910 and became involved with the cubist and avant-garde groups in the pre-war years. Between 1914-23 he lived in Russia and Germany, before returning to Paris. He fled occupied France for the USA from 1941 to 1948. He then returned to France, settling in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, near Nice on the Mediterranean coast. Matisse and Picasso lived nearby. Chagall’s ceaseless creativity and commitment to exploring the emotional power of colour led to works in a huge variety of mediums and materials, from his acclaimed public commissions in stained glass to ceramics, book illustrations, printmaking and tapestries.