Miller had a most remarkable career and life. She was born in Poughkeepsie, New York, and worked as a model for Condé Nast, learning photography first through being a subject for the most important fashion photographers of her day. In 1929 she visited Paris for the second time and became the artistic collaborator and lover of surrealist artist Man Ray. This initiated her career as a photographer. Thereafter her work showed the versatility of Surrealism, fashion photography and, from 1940, journalism, when she became the war reporter for British Vogue. In 1947 Miller married English artist and historian, Roland Penrose. She eventually abandoned photography and her work has only re-emerged in recent years.