Louise Anne Stuart, later Louisa, Lady Waterford through marriage, was born in Paris and lived in England and Ireland. She traveled extensively throughout Europe and studied painting and drawing with John Ruskin and fellow Pre-Raphaelites, a group of Victorian artists who rejected contemporary painting of the time by returning to realistic representations using vivid colours. Louisa worked closely with her local communities setting up schools, building churches, and bringing nurses to the locality for the elderly and infirm. She sketched throughout her life with a focus on religious subjects and children. Over the course of 21 years she created monumental biblical murals for the schoolrooms that she initiated at Ford estate in Northumberland, which is now known as Lady Waterford Hall.