The American artist Sargent became one of the most fashionable and highly successful portrait painters of Edwardian society. He was born in Italy and travelled extensively both in childhood and throughout his career. Sargent trained in Paris and developed a fluid painting style, remarkable for his dazzling brushwork and bold handling of light. He also painted fine landscapes and produced moving and powerful pictures as an official war artist during the First World War. His move to London in 1884 was prompted by the scandal his provocative portrait of Madame Gautreau caused at the Paris Salon.