Jean Dubuffet

French (1901 - 1985)
Jean Dubuffet Dispositif aux vaisselles [Dishwasher] Dated 1965 © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2018.

Biography

Born 1901
Died 1985
Nationality French

Dubuffet was born in Le Havre, the son of a wealthy wine merchant. He studied art in Paris but stopped painting in 1925 to enter the wine trade. Apart from a brief period in 1933, Dubuffet only took up art seriously in 1942. He had his first solo exhibition in 1945, the same year he began to advocate and collect Art Brut (Uncultured Art), a movement that has had a profound effect on art since the 1950s. Dubuffet was inspired to create art in a deliberatively primitive manner, producing work that is diverse and experimental in both material and style.

Glossary terms

  • A term used by the French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created spontaneously. He identified this practice among psychiatric patients and children. It is also called 'outsider art'.