A society portrait painter in his native France, Danloux's career was interrupted by the French Revolution. He moved to London where he exhibited portraits and history paintings at the Royal Academy. A commission to paint the exiled French heir to the throne at Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, brought Danloux to Scotland in 1796. This visit gave the artist an introduction to the Scottish aristocracy resulting in numerous portrait commissions. He returned to France in 1801.