Hans Holbein the Younger

German (1497 / 1498 - 1543)
Hans Holbein the Younger An Allegory of the Old and New Testaments early 1530s

Biography

Born 1497 / 1498
Died 1543
Nationality German

Holbein is best known in Britain for his splendid portraits of Henry VIII, the king's wives and prominent figures of the Tudor Court. His international acclaim as a painter and draughtsman was established through portraits he made of the Dutch scholar Erasmus. Holbein also painted religious and allegorical subjects and worked on large decorative schemes. He was born in Augsburg, then moved to Basle. Religious discord in Basle, arising from the Reformation, and the disruption of artists' businesses may have prompted Holbein's first journey to Britain in 1526. He returned for good in 1532 and was appointed court painter.

Glossary terms

  • Term used to denote painters from the Renaissance until 1800, or their works.

  • A period in European culture from the 14th to the 16th centuries in which the visual arts flourished with advances in the treatment of anatomy and the use of perspective. It is particularly associated with Italy, where it began, though the term applies elsewhere. It is noted for a revival of interest in the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome.