Holbein is best known in Britain for his splendid portraits of Henry VIII, the king's wives and prominent figures of the Tudor Court. His international acclaim as a painter and draughtsman was established through portraits he made of the Dutch scholar Erasmus. Holbein also painted religious and allegorical subjects and worked on large decorative schemes. He was born in Augsburg, then moved to Basle. Religious discord in Basle, arising from the Reformation, and the disruption of artists' businesses may have prompted Holbein's first journey to Britain in 1526. He returned for good in 1532 and was appointed court painter.