Moroni painted a wide range of subjects including religious and allegorical themes, but is best known for his exceptionally skilful portraits. He was born in Albino near Bergamo, where he spent most of his working life. He trained with Moretto in Brescia and worked in Trent, during the first sittings of the Council set up by the catholic authorities in response to the Reformation. Moroni's religious compositions remained conservative and traditional. In portraits, however, he showed considerable invention in both settings and poses, in addition to a remarkable eye for natural detail.