Giorgio de Chirico

Italian (1888 - 1978)
Giorgio de Chirico Le Rêve Mystérieux [The Mysterious Dream] About 1913-1914 © DACS 2018.

Biography

Born 1888
Died 1978
Nationality Italian
Birth place Bolos
Death place Rome

Born in Greece, de Chirico originally studied engineering but instead became a painter. In 1917, together with Carlo Carrà, de Chirico founded the brief but significant movement, Metaphysical Painting. De Chirico’s paintings of this time are characterised by stage-sets populated by mannequins and objects removed from their original context; creating a poetic imagery which evokes enigmatic myths and dreams. It was for these paintings that André Breton claimed that de Chirico was the pioneer of Surrealism, and, whilst not part of the movement, he was one of the movement’s great heroes. From the late 1920s de Chirico’s style evolved to combine motifs from antiquity and the influence of both Renoir and Rubens.