Francisco de Goya y Lucientes

(1746 - 1828)
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes Francisco Goya Y Lucientes (Self-Portrait), Plate 1 of Los Caprichos 1797


Goya was an original and enigmatic artist, equally gifted as a painter and printmaker. His appointment in 1786 as painter to the Spanish King Charles IV followed a period in Madrid where he had moved from the north east of Spain. Goya's reputation was built on a variety of works, including religious and historical paintings, portraits and designs for the Royal Tapestry Works. A serious illness in 1793 left him permanently deaf. His etchings illustrate his vivid imagination, exploring man's folly in 'Los Caprichos' and recording man's brutality in 'The Disasters of War'. He spent his last years in Bordeaux, France.

Glossary terms

  • Term used to denote painters from the Renaissance until 1800, or their works.

  • A form of printmaking in which a metal plate is covered with a substance called a 'ground', usually wax, into which an image is drawn with a needle. Acid is applied, eroding the areas of the plate exposed but not the areas covered by wax. The action of the acid creates lines in the metal plate that hold the ink from which a print is made when the plate is pressed against paper under pressure.


Exhibition finished
Witches & Wicked Bodies
  • 27 July 2013 to 3 November 2013
Modern Two
Exhibition finished
The Discovery of Spain: British Artists and Collectors: Goya to Picasso
  • 18 July 2009 to 11 October 2009