Francis Frith was Europe's most prolific photographer working in the Middle East, making three journeys there in four years in the late 1850s. His wicker carriage dark room doubled as his sleeping quarters. Despite the hot climate and the threat of local bandits, he produced images of Egypt and the Holy Land that are re-made by the tourist industry even today. Frith founded a publishing firm in Surrey in 1859. He was a hugely successful businessman, employing a large staff of photographers who compiled an impressive archive of images of the British Isles and the Continent.