Born in Grenoble, Hebert moved to Paris to study law, also taking art lessons in the studios of David D’Angers and Paul Delaroche. In 1839 he was awarded the Prix De Rome and stated in Italy from 1840-1847. He was awarded a first class medal at the Paris Salon for his work, which marked the beginning of his official career as an artist. His work alternated between scenes of Italian life and fashionable portraits, which were described as being filled with a feeling of poetic melancholy. He belonged to a late generation of Romantics who anticipated the development of the Symbolists.