Emma Schlangenhauden was a painter and graphic artist who was born in Tyrol, Austria. Schlangenhauden studied at the School of Graphic and Experimental Art in Vienna and at the School of Applied Arts under graphic artists Koloman Moser and Alfred Roller. She continued her studies in Switzerland and Paris, and following World War One she moved to Salzburg, Austria. Schlangenhauden created monochromatic works using woodcut printing technique. The subject matter of her work was broad, encompassing religious scenes, landscapes, female figures, and rural scenes. She was a member of the Association of Visual Artists of Austria and was a founding member of Viennese Women's Art.