After early beginnings in Vienna and Paris, Bill Brandt came into his own in Britain during the 1930s when he photographed life in the depressed industrial towns of northern England. During the 1940s he created a series of portraits of famous British and international artists. He collaborated with publications such as Lilliput, Picture Post and Harper's Bazaar. The 1950s saw him preoccupied with landscape photography and the outdoor nudes. His first retrospective was held in New York in 1969, marking the beginning of a period of international recognition for Brandt: numerous exhibitions and awards in Europe and the United States.