Bernard Schultze was born in Poland and moved to Berlin in 1921. He studied art in Berlin and Düsseldorf from 1934 to 1939. Schultze was a co-founder of the 'Quadriga' group of German abstract painters in 1952. Three years later he joined 'Zen 49', a group of artists who were inspired by Zen Buddhism. In 1956 Schultze began to build up the surface of his paintings to high relief. These led to the creation of his first 'Migofs' in 1961; free-standing works which include animal, plant and human imagery and which evoke the cycle of birth and decay.