Antonio David's most celebrated credential was as an official painter of the exiled Jacobite court in Rome. Painting in his homeland of Italy, David worked for the Stuart dynasty for nearly twenty years. Copies of his portraits were circulated to the family's supporters throughout Europe. Due to a previous wrangle over a bill, the artist insisted on being paid in advance for his renowned pair of portraits of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and his brother Prince Henry, painted in 1729. David also painted portraits of Scottish Jacobite supporters.