Adam de Colone was the son of James VI's court painter Adrian Vanson and his wife, Susanna de Colone. Vanson was of Netherlandish origin but all his children were born in Edinburgh. Adam, who took his mother's name after she had become a widow, probably studied in the Netherlands before going to London in 1622. He painted James VI and I at least twice. He was based in Scotland from 1624 and painted many of the leading members of the Scottish nobility and their families.