King Philip IV of Spain (1605 - 1665)
About this artwork
This portrait of King Philip IV is a copy of a painting by Velázquez, now in the National Gallery, London. It may have been made in the seventeenth century and was later cut down at the bottom and right. It could, therefore, have originally been closer to Velázquez's work in size, and possibly included the badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece suspended from the gold chain. The plain background serves as an effective foil for the king's distinctive head and face. There are at least twenty known versions of this popular portrait.
- title: King Philip IV of Spain (1605 - 1665)
- accession number: NG 1625
- After: Diego VelazquezSpanish (1599 - 1660)
- artist: Unknown
- depicted: Philip
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Painting
- subject: Baroque Royalty
- materials: Oil on canvas
- date created: after 1660
- measurements: 51.10 x 46.00 cm
- credit line: Purchased 1923
Velázquez became the leading Spanish artist of the seventeenth century. His outstanding skills were evident in his early works in Seville, and his talent for portraiture soon brought him to the attention of the court in Madrid. He moved there on his appointment as painter to King Philip IV in 1623. He was inspired by Titian's paintings in the Spanish royal collection and visited Italy twice. His innovative designs, and bold dazzling brushwork brought universal admiration. Velázquez was honoured as a knight for his artistic and diplomatic services in 1658.