Alexander Wedderburn, 1st Earl of Rosslyn, 1733 - 1805. Lord Chancellor
About this artwork
- title: Alexander Wedderburn, 1st Earl of Rosslyn, 1733 - 1805. Lord Chancellor
- accession number: SP IV 114.1
- artist: Francesco BartolozziEnglish (1727 - 1815)
- after: James NorthcoteEnglish (1746 - 1831)
- depicted: Alexander Wedderburn
- gallery: Scottish National Portrait Gallery(Print Room)
- object type: Work on paper
- materials: Stipple and line engraving on paper
- date created: Published 1801
- measurements: 42.24 x 33.99 cm
- credit line: Bequeathed by William Findlay Watson 1886
Bartolozzi was an extremely successful engraver, both in Italy and in England. Born in Florence, he did not follow his father’s career path as a gold and silver-smith - instead his artistic flair saw him study painting with Ignazio Hugford and Giovanni Domenico Ferretti. Three years later Bartolozzi travelled to Venice to learn engraving and his career quickly flourished. In 1764 he moved to London and a short time later he was appointed Engraver to the King. He went on to be elected a founding member of the Royal Academy in 1768. In 1802 Bartolozzi moved to Portugal following his appointment as director of the National Academy of Lisbon.
Born in Plymouth, James Northcote was a watchmaker's son. He arrived in London in 1771 and became pupil and resident assistant to Reynolds; he also studied at the Royal Academy Schools. Northcote travelled to Italy in 1777 and remained there until 1781. On his return to London, he achieved success both as portrait and history painter, also attempting 'modern moral subjects' in Hogarth's manner. He was one of the first contributors to Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery in Pall Mall, London. Perhaps more interesting as a personality than an artist, he published a biography of Reynolds in 1813.