Oskar Kokoschka

Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton and 11th Duke of Brandon, 1903 - 1973. Aviator (With his wife Elizabeth Ivy Percy, Duchess of...

About this artwork

The Duke of Hamilton was known as 'the boxing marquis' in his youth, and won the Scottish amateur middle-weight title. A pioneer aviator, he was the chief pilot of the first flight over Mount Everest in 1933. The duchess supported her husband's public life and has played an active part in the cultural activities of the Lothians. This touching double-portrait shows the broken, textured brushwork that characterises Kokoschka's work. The artist used vibrant colours to suggest the characters of the sitters, such as reds and oranges for the duke's kilt and even purple for the shadows of his face.

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  • title:
    Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton and 11th Duke of Brandon, 1903 - 1973. Aviator (With his wife Elizabeth Ivy Percy, Duchess of Hamilton, b. 1916)
  • accession number:
    PG 2723
  • artist:
  • depicted:
  • gallery:
  • object type:
  • subject:
  • materials:
    Oil on canvas
  • date created:
    1969
  • measurements:
    89.80 x 129.80 cm (framed 115.60 x 155.00 x 10.20 cm)
  • credit line:
    Purchased with the aid of the Art Fund, the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Pilgrims Trust 1987
  • copyright:
    © Fondation Oskar Kokoschka/ DACS 2018.
  • photographer:
    Antonia Reeve

Oskar Kokoschka

Oskar Kokoschka

Kokoschka studied at the School of Arts and Crafts in Vienna from 1905 to 1909, where he also worked for the Wiener Werkstätte (Viennese Workshops). Although his early work was part of the 'art nouveau' movement in Vienna, he soon developed into Austria's leading expressionist painter, specialising in disturbing psychological portraits. After being invalided out of the army during the First World War, Kokoschka was based mainly in Dresden until 1923. He travelled until 1930, and from 1931 to 1934 returned to live in his native Vienna. In 1934 he moved to Prague, where he took out Czech citizenship. After the Munich Agreement of September 1938, he was forced to flee to London with his future wife, Olda Palkovska. He became a British citizen in 1947, and lived mainly in Switzerland after 1953.