James Bruce of Kinnaird, 1730 - 1794. African explorer
About this artwork
At six feet four inches in height, James Bruce was an impressive figure. An explorer, archaeologist and brilliant linguist, he travelled across North Africa, Crete, Syria, Egypt and Ethiopia He is best known for his exploration of the sources of the Nile, reaching the headstream of the Blue Nile in 1770.
- title: James Bruce of Kinnaird, 1730 - 1794. African explorer
- accession number: SP IV 25.6
- artist: Samuel FreemanScottish (1773 - 1857)
- after: David MartinScottish (1737 - 1797)
- depicted: James Bruce
- gallery: Scottish National Portrait Gallery(Print Room)
- object type: Work on paper
- subject: Travel
- materials: Stipple engraving on paper
- date created: Unknown
- measurements: 13.03 x 10.79 cm
- credit line: Purchased 1933
David Martin was born in Anstruther, Fife, the son of a schoolmaster. He trained under Allan Ramsay, working in his fellow Scot's London studio from about 1752. In 1755 he joined Ramsay in Rome and probably returned with him to London in 1757, working as his chief assistant, producing copies of state portraits. He settled in Edinburgh in the mid 1780s where his successful portrait practice functioned as a key link between his master, Ramsay, and Henry Raeburn. One of Martin's earliest independent works is a portrait of Benjamin Franklin (1767), which now hangs in The White House, Washington.