About this artwork

The truth of one of this military commander's nicknames, 'Bonnie Dundee', can be seen in this delicate image of a very handsome young man. His earned his other nickname, 'Bloody Clavers', for his persecution of Scottish presbyterians, whose form of worship was at that time forbidden by the government. When William of Orange invaded England in 1688, he supported James VII and II. After James fled to France, Dundee raised the Highland clans to fight for the Jacobite cause. His army won a resounding victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie on 27 July 1689, but Dundee was killed. Having lost their charismatic leader, his men disbanded and returned home.

Updated before 2020

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David Paton

David Paton

To judge by the quality of the few known works by the Scottish miniaturist David Paton, he was one of the best draughtsmen in late seventeenth-century Britain. He worked mainly in plumbago, pencil and sepia, but also painted portraits in oil. He was in Italy in the 1670s, accompanying the youngest son of the Duchess of Lauder on his Grand Tour. By the turn of the century, Paton had moved from Scotland to London, his last documented work being a portrait of Sir Isaac Newton sent to Duke Cosimo III de' Medici in 1708.