About this artwork

Tadeusz Kosciuszko (1746-1814) was a Polish soldier and statesman and a leader in the fight for independence from Russian rule. A national hero, he led a major uprising in 1794 which culminated in a two month siege of Warsaw by Russian and Prussian forces. Kosciuszko was badly wounded at the battle of Maciejowice. Campbell’s poem evokes the horrors of the siege: ‘Hope, for a season, bade the world Farewell/ And Freedom shrieked as KOSCIUSZKO fell!’. The figure shown here holding aloft the crown of Stanislaus and a scimitar may be Kosciuszko, or alternatively he may be represented by the wounded soldier lying on the ground. Turner includes a triumphal arch amid the blazing city beyond, perhaps ironically.

see media
  • title:
    One of Twenty Vignettes - Kosciusko (Illustration to 'The Pleasures of Hope')
  • accession number:
    D 5155
  • artist:
  • gallery:
  • object type:
  • materials:
    Watercolour over pencil on paper
  • date created:
    About 1835
  • measurements:
    11.50 x 11.20 cm (framed: 45.10 x 39.70 x 2.80 cm)
  • credit line:
    Accepted by HM Government in lieu of inheritance tax and allocated to the National Gallery of Scotland, 1988

Joseph Mallord William Turner

Joseph Mallord William Turner