Carl Andre

144 Titanium Square

About this artwork

Andre’s sculptures are comprised of commercially fabricated units of identical dimensions arranged geometrically, without the use of fixings or welding. Abandoning the plinth, the units are placed directly on the floor so that the sculpture occupies the same space as the body of the viewer. For Andre, the artist’s role lies in revealing the sculptural properties or potential of a pre-existing material, thus the components remain in their raw factory standard state and are not manipulated. In 1967 he developed a series of sculptures consisting of 144 metal plates arranged in a grid on the floor to recall scientific tabulations. These sculptures encouraged the viewer to consider the work’s materiality. The first three works were made from aluminium, steel and zinc, and were installed together to openly elicit comparison. He initially displayed a periodic table of elements alongside the works to underscore the importance of the material used. Subsequently Andre has made further iterations of 144 square works from copper, lead, iron, magnesium and this one from titanium.

Updated before 2020

  • artist:
  • title:
    144 Titanium Square
  • date created:
    2011, fabricated 2017-8
  • materials:
    Titanium
  • measurements:
    10.00 x 360.00 x 360.00 cm
  • object type:
  • credit line:
    ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Presented by the artist and acquired with assistance from the ARTIST ROOMS Endowment, supported by the Henry Moore Foundation and Tate Members 2015
  • accession number:
    AR01265
  • gallery:
This artwork is part of Artist Rooms
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Carl Andre

Carl Andre