Rome from Mount Aventine

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Rome from Mount Aventine 1836
This view was based on drawn studies made by Turner in Rome in 1828. The prominent building at the lower left is the eighteenth-century hospice of San Michele. It seems likely that the picture was commissioned by the Scottish collector H. A. J. Monro of Novar. It is one of three paintings Turner exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1836 which were savagely criticised in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine. This damning estimation of them had a positive effect however, as it inspired John Ruskin to take up his life-long championing of Turner’s art.

Glossary Open


When an individual or organisation employs an artist to execute a particular project, the process and the resulting work are termed a ‘commission’.

Royal Academy

An independent institution founded in 1768 with Sir Joshua Reynolds as its first president. It is governed by the Royal Academicians - leading painters, sculptors, printmakers and architects, which number no more than 80 at one time. It organises exhibitions at its London galleries, including an annual Summer Exhibition.

Commission, Royal Academy


  • Acc. No. NGL 035.78
  • Medium Oil
  • Size 91.60 x 124.60 cm (framed: 122.00 x 153.80 x 11.50 cm)
  • Credit Long loan in 1978