James Huntington Whyte was a wealthy American who moved to St Andrews in 1930. He founded and edited the important journal ‘The Modern Scot’. Whyte befriended and encouraged artists and intellectuals of the Scottish Renaissance Movement and exhibited the work of avant-garde artists in his gallery. It was his ambition to gather together like-minded writers, painters and musicians who would spearhead the cultural revival of Scotland, giving expression to a Modernism that espoused his theory of nationalism. In his editorial of 1933 Whyte wrote: “The great universal artists are also nationalist artists”. Whyte was a Modernist who opposed the “little Scotlanders” who ignored the great international Modernist Movement represented by writers like Joyce, composers like Stravinsky and painters like Picasso.