Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, 1861 - 1928. Soldier (study for portrait in General Officers of World War I, 1914 - 1918, in the National Portrait Gallery, London)
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Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, 1861 - 1928. Soldier (study for portrait in General Officers of World War I, 1914 - 1918, in the National Portrait Gallery, London) about 1922
  • Scottish Art
This painting is a study for a large group portrait by Sargent called 'Generals of the Great War'. Haig was a professional soldier, who had served in the Sudan, South Africa (the Boer War) and India before 1914. In 1915 he was given command of the First Army and his generalship during the later years of the First World War led to the breaking of the Hindenburg line of defence and the Allied victory of 1918. After the war, Haig was reponsible for uniting ex-servicemen in the Royal British Legion.

Glossary Open

Boer War

A struggle for control of parts of southern Africa between Dutch and British colonists. In 1877, Britain annexed the Transvaal Republic, which in December 1880 led to a revolt by Boers (colonists of Dutch descent) opposed to British rule. British losses forced the government to recognise Boer independence. Following the discovery of gold in the region, a failure to secure rights for British citizens in Transvaal led to the Boer War of 1899-1902. The British Empire annexed republics of Transvaal and the Orange Free State, which later became part of the Union of South Africa.

Hindenberg line

The Allies' name for a system of German defences built in northern France during the First World War.

Boer War , Hindenberg line

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 1010
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 56.00 x 41.00 cm (framed: 65.20 x 49.80 x 3.50 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1925