Henry Hawley, 1679 - 1759. Soldier
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Henry Hawley, 1679 - 1759. Soldier about 1746

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
Hawley was a professional soldier. In May 1745 he was second-in-command of the cavalry at the Battle of Fontenoy and later that year he was appointed Commander-in Chief in Scotland. Less than a month later he was beaten severely by the Highland army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart at Falkirk Muir . This did not cost him his command, and, under orders from the Duke of Cumberland, he led the government cavalry to victory at the Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746. The miniature is in its original frame, set with bloodstones and diamonds.

Glossary Open

Battle of Culloden

A battle fought on Culloden Moor near Inverness in 1746 between supporters of the exiled House of Stuart - led by the Young Pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stuart - and government troops led by the Duke of Cumberland. The government victory effectively brought the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion to an end and resulted in a repression of Highland culture as punishment.

Miniature

A painting or drawing, usually a portrait, on a very small scale. These were popular prior to the invention of photographic portraits in the 19th century.

Battle of Culloden, Miniature

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 3290
  • Medium Enamel on copper portrait miniature, verso of bloodstone and diamonds, in original shagreen case
  • Size Height: 3.80 cm; height: 1.75 in.
  • Credit Purchased 2002