Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska, 1702 - 1735. Wife of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart
Share

Reference URL

Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska, 1702 - 1735. Wife of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart 1719

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
James Francis Edward Stuart, the son of the deposed King James VII and II, knew the importance of producing heirs for the continuation of the Stuart dynasty. His choice of bride was the young Polish princess, Maria Clementina Sobieska. The granddaughter of the Polish hero-king, John III, she had connections with courts across Catholic Europe and, most importantly, a massive dowry. King George I of Great Britain and Ireland tried to prevent the marriage and had Clementina arrested on her journey to Italy during the winter of 1718/19. However, after a daring rescue mission, Clementina arrived safely in Rome. This is her first official portrait. She is shown with powdered hair adorned with diamonds and pearls, and her bodice stiff with gems.

Glossary Open

Dowry

This refers to the money or property which a bride brings to her husband when they marry.

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Dowry, Jacobite

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 886
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 98.00 x 73.00 cm (framed: 117.50 x 93.00 x 5.50 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1918