Die Hölle (Hell). Title page: Selbstbildnis (Self-Portrait)
© DACS 2004

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Die Hölle (Hell). Title page: Selbstbildnis (Self-Portrait) 1919
This is the title page of Beckmann’s set of lithographs entitled ‘Hell.’ These lithographs chronicle the period of lawlessness, social decay and misery in Germany following the November Revolution of 1918. Dressed in the ruff of a clown and breaking out of the picture frame towards the viewer, Beckmann himself invites us to follow him on a tour of war-ravaged Germany. A text below the self-portrait states, ‘We ask our esteemed public to step forward. You will not be bored for ten minutes. Anyone who is not delighted gets his money back.’

Glossary Open


A printmaking technique using a stone or zinc plate to which the image is applied with a greasy material. After wetting the plate, greasy ink is applied. The ink sticks only to the drawn image and not the wet surface, thus creating a reproduction when applied to paper.

November Revolution, 1918 (Germany)

A series of events in Germany at the end of First World War that led to the abdication of the Kaiser and the establishment of a republic. It was a relatively bloodless revolution, motivated in part by a desire for peace.

Lithograph, November Revolution, 1918 (Germany)


  • Acc. No. GMA 2465 A
  • Medium Lithograph
  • Size 87.00 x 61.00 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1981