John Smith was born in Ardrishaig in the West Highlands. He became Labour MP in 1970 and by 1979 was Secretary of State for Trade. His support for Scottish devolution contributed to the Labour Party's subsequent commitment to this policy. After suffering a heart attack in 1988, he set himself the very public challenge of climbing the Scottish Munros (any mountain over 3,000 feet). Smith became a leader of the Labour Party in 1992 but suffered a second, fatal heart attack in May 1994. Many tributes were paid to him as a politician of great integrity whose ideas were founded on sincerely held Christian beliefs.