Catherine of Braganza, 1638 - 1705. Queen of Charles II
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Catherine of Braganza, 1638 - 1705. Queen of Charles II Around 1662 - 1665

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
Catherine of Braganza was the Portuguese queen-consort of Charles II. Plans for the king to marry one of the Portuguese princesses originated during his childhood, but it was not until 1662, two years after the Restoration, that Charles and Catherine were married. Her impressive dowry included Tangier, Bombay and £300,000. Catherine was constantly upstaged during her marriage by the king’s many mistresses. One of the ways in which she could separate herself from the licentious court was to promote her virtues and her position in her portraiture. This is a version of Jacob Huysmans’s portrait of her with various regal accoutrements (an orb, crown and an ermine-lined robe). This emphasises her role as queen, a position none of the king’s mistresses could hold.

Glossary Open

Dowry

This refers to the money or property which a bride brings to her husband when they marry.

Restoration

Re-establishment of the British monarchy in 1660 after Parliamentarian rule following the English Civil War years. The term also denotes the subsequent rule of Charles II from 1660 -1685.

Dowry, Restoration

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 1121
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 114.30 x 92.10 cm (framed: 132.40 x 109.80 x 6.50 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1930