Queen Anne, when Princess of Denmark, 1665 – 1714
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Queen Anne, when Princess of Denmark, 1665 – 1714 About 1685

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
  • Portrait of the Month
Queen Anne was the last of the Stuart dynasty to occupy the British throne. Shown here aged eighteen, seductively dressed and posed in a sumptious interior, her reign was dominated by war with the French and her failure to produce an heir. She had twelve children, none of whom survived beyond infancy and many miscarriages. Her most important domestic act was the union of the kingdoms of Scotland and England in 1707.

Glossary Open

The Stuarts (The Stewarts)

The Stewarts / Stuarts were a Scottish royal dynasty that began with Robert II in the late fourteenth century. In 1603, with the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England, James VI became James I of England. The Stuart reign saw a brief interruption with the republican Commonwealth due to the English Civil War, which followed Charles I’s execution in 1649, but it was restored in 1660 with Charles II as king. After the 1707 Acts of Union, the Stuarts became the heads of state of the newly created Great Britain. However, with childless Queen Anne’s death in 1714 the crown passed to the House of Hanover. The variant in spelling, from Stewart to Stuart, was due to Mary, Queen of Scots adopting the latter, French spelling, when she lived in France. This became the standard for future generations.

The Stuarts (The Stewarts)

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 939
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 199.40 x 128.30 cm (framed: 228.20 x 158.00 x 7.70 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1922