Archibald Campbell [MacCailein Mòr Gilleasbaig Fiar-shùileach], 1st Marquess of Argyll, 1598 - 1661. Statesman
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Archibald Campbell [MacCailein Mòr Gilleasbaig Fiar-shùileach], 1st Marquess of Argyll, 1598 - 1661. Statesman About 1661

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
The artist has made no attempt to disguise the squint which earned the sitter the Gaelic nickname 'Gillespie Gruamach' and gave him a somewhat sinister appearance. His own father described him as 'a man of craft, subtlety and falsehood'. Argyll became the leader of the Covenanting party and supported Charles I's parliamentary enemies. However, he opposed the execution of the king and it was he who crowned the young Charles II at Scone in 1651. He continued to shift allegiances throughout the Commonwealth period and, when Charles II was restored in 1660, he was arrested, charged with treason, and executed the following year in Edinburgh.

Glossary Open

Covenanters

People who sought to uphold the Presbyterian faith in Scotland in the 17th century. They adhered to a series of covenants, notably the National Covenant of 1638 which was signed in Greyfriars Kirkyard in Edinburgh in opposition to Charles I’s attempts to introduce an English-style prayer book. The Covenanters’ opposition to bishops and royal control over the church brought them into conflict with the government and hundreds of Covenanters were executed.

Covenanters

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 1408
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 73.70 x 67.30 cm (framed: 94.00 x 81.00 x 10.00 cm)
  • Credit Bequeathed by the Marquess of Lothian 1941