The Sacrament of Penance
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The Sacrament of Penance 1647

On Display Scottish National Gallery

Poussin depicted the biblical episode where Mary Magdalene repents for her sins and asks for forgiveness by washing Christ’s feet. She is believed to have washed his feet with her tears and dried them with her long red hair before kissing them and anointing them with oil. The scene took place at a feast in the house of Simon and Pharisee, and Poussin portrayed the guests seated on Roman couches (triclinia) around a huge banqueting table. The use of the authentic Roman dining room allowed Poussin to construct a symmetrical composition. He even counterbalanced the figures of Christ and Mary on the left, with a scene on the far right showing Simon having his feet washed conventionally by a servant. This picture is the most dramatic and elaborate of Poussin’s Seven Sacraments.

Glossary Open

Commission

When an individual or organisation employs an artist to execute a particular project, the process and the resulting work are termed a ‘commission’.

Commission

Details

  • Acc. No. NGL 067.46 D
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 117.00 x 178.00 cm (151.00 x 212.00 x 11.40 cm)
  • Credit Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland (Bridgewater Loan, 1945)