Prince Henry Benedict Clement Stuart, 1725 – 1807. Youngest son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart
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Prince Henry Benedict Clement Stuart, 1725 – 1807. Youngest son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart 1746 / 1747
  • Scottish Art
This portrait by la Tour depicts a charismatic and handsome young man in armour wearing the blue sash of the Order of the Garter. From around 1842 the sitter was identified as Prince Charles Edward Stuart. However, it is now considered to represent his younger brother, Prince Henry. Unlike his father, Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, and brother, Henry did not attempt to reclaim the throne and instead pursued a highly successful career as Cardinal York in the Roman Catholic Church. Both brothers sat for la Tour around 1746-8, and all subsequent portraits of Henry depict him in his cardinal’s robes. In late 1745 he went to France to support his brother, serving with the French army in 1746 - therefore, it is appropriate for him to have been painted in armour at this time.

Glossary Open

Battle of Culloden

A battle fought on Culloden Moor near Inverness in 1746 between supporters of the exiled House of Stuart - led by the Young Pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stuart - and government troops led by the Duke of Cumberland. The government victory effectively brought the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion to an end and resulted in a repression of Highland culture as punishment.

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Order of the Garter

The most senior British Order of Chivalry, founded by Edward III in 1348. It now consists of 24 knights along with royal knights and some foreign monarchs. The badge of the order comprises the St George's Cross within a blue garter (the original emblem of the order), surrounded by radiating silver beams.

Battle of Culloden, Jacobite, Order of the Garter

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 2954
  • Medium Pastel on paper
  • Size 61.00 x 51.00 cm (framed: 82.55 x 71.12 x 11.43 cm)
  • Credit Purchased with aid of the Art Fund 1994