View alphabetical lists of all artists who are either Scottish or whose works are associated with Scotland currently featured on the site.
Select the initial of the artist's name that you are looking for. Scroll down the list until you find the name, and select it for more information about the artist and his or her work.
Artists are organised by their most commonly-used names. This is usually but not always their surname.
James Abbott McNeill Whistler (American, 1834 - 1903)
Whistler was born in Massachusetts. He trained in Paris and then moved to London, where he became associated with the English Aesthetic movement, befriending the artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti. He collected Japanese art objects and from the early 1860s began incorporating Japanese elements into his work and experimenting with technique, rejecting realism and painting from memory. He developed his own aesthetic theory, giving his works musical titles, seeking tonal harmony in his paintings and emphasising the formal qualities of his work, rather than narrative content. His Nocturnes, were important precursors of Symbolist painting. Whistler courted notoriety. He voiced his theories in publications such as ‘The Red Rag’ and his famous ‘Ten O’Clock’ lecture, first delivered in London in 1885.