© The Estate of William Wilson

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Toledo 1932
  • Scottish Art
Wilson combined work in an Edinburgh stained-glass studio with his activities as a printmaker. In 1932, he won the Royal Scottish Academy Carnegie Travelling Scholarship and took leave from his employer to study full-time at Edinburgh College of Art and travel to Spain and Italy. In Spain, he produced views of Madrid, Granada, Ronda and Toledo, including this pen and ink drawing. It shows the mountain-top city with the river Tagus below. The distinctive turreted building at the top of the city is the Alcázar of Toledo. The castle was to play an important role in a battle at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War when it was held by the Nationalists against Spanish Republican forces, just four years after this drawing was made.

Glossary Open


An image pressed or stamped onto paper or fabric. This encompasses a wide variety of techniques, usually produced in multiples, although one-off prints, known as monoprints, are also included. The term is also applied to photographic images.

Royal Scottish Academy

The Royal Scottish Academy (RSA) was formed in Edinburgh in 1826 by Scottish artists who felt alienated by what they perceived as the elitism of the Royal Institution and its management of contemporary art exhibitions. In 1835, the RSA secured exhibition rights in the Royal Institution building, which had been erected on The Mound by the Board of Manufactures in 1826. The RSA and the Board frequently argued over responsibilities for advanced art education. From 1859, the RSA shared the premises of the new National Gallery of Scotland under the Board’s custody. In 1910, after transferring most of its art collections to the Gallery, the RSA gained exclusive tenancy of the former Royal Institution building, where it continues to hold large-scale annual exhibitions.

Spanish Civil War

A war in Spain that began following an uprising in Morocco in 1936. It was fought between the Republicans and the Nationalists, led by General Franco, who declared victory in 1939, and remained as head of state until his death in 1975. The bombing of the town of Guernica on 26 April 1937 was the subject of a major painting by Pablo Picasso.

Print, Royal Scottish Academy, Spanish Civil War


  • Acc. No. GMA 2281
  • Medium Pen and ink, ink wash, pencil and black chalk on paper
  • Size 40.60 x 53.80 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1980