• P
  • David Paton
John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, 1648 - 1689. Jacobite leader
Share

Reference URL

John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, 1648 - 1689. Jacobite leader About 1670
  • Scottish Art
The truth of one of this military commander's nicknames, 'Bonnie Dundee', can be seen in this delicate image of a very handsome young man. His earned his other nickname, 'Bloody Clavers', for his persecution of Scottish presbyterians, whose form of worship was at that time forbidden by the government. When William of Orange invaded England in 1688, he supported James VII and II. After James fled to France, Dundee raised the Highland clans to fight for the Jacobite cause. His army won a resounding victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie on 27 July 1689, but Dundee was killed. Having lost their charismatic leader, his men disbanded and returned home.

Glossary Open

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Jacobite

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 588
  • Medium Ink on paper
  • Size 10.50 x 8.30 cm
  • Credit Presented by A. Sholto Douglas 1900