• P
  • Antoine Pesne
Field Marshal James Francis Edward Keith, 1696 - 1758. Soldier in Russian and Prussian service

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Field Marshal James Francis Edward Keith, 1696 - 1758. Soldier in Russian and Prussian service about 1750
  • Scottish Art
Named after Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender, Keith was the son of committed Jacobites. He took part in the failed Rising of 1715, after which he was forced into exile on the continent. From Paris he travelled to Spain, became involved in the failed Jacobite expedition of 1719 and later joined the Spanish army. In 1728 he set out for service in Russia, where he spent nearly twenty years as an officer. Too busy to make any contribution to the 1745 Jacobite Rising, in 1747 Keith joined the army of Frederick the Great of Prussia. He died fighting, having been mortally wounded at the battle of Hochkirch. This portrait was painted in Berlin, where a street is named after him.

Glossary Open

1745 Rising

An attempt by followers of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (or 'Bonnie Prince Charlie') to reclaim the British throne for the Stuart dynasty. The Prince landed in the Outer Hebrides from France in July 1745. With the support of many Highland chiefs he gathered an army and marched south. The rebels had significant victories against the Hanoverian troops and reached as far as Derby. There they turned back, unsure of their ability to take London, and were pursued by government forces. The final battle was held at Culloden in 1746 where Bonnie Prince Charlie was decisively beaten and hopes of a Jacobite restoration were dashed.


Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

1745 Rising, Jacobite


  • Acc. No. PG 813
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 142.20 x 110.50 cm (framed: 161.30 x 128.70 x 7.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1913